Tussah

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Products mentioned in this IDEEN.com Journal article:

  • J00047 Tussah
  • J00047 Tussah
  • J00047 Tussah
  • J00047 Tussah
  • J00047 Tussah
These days, many fabrics made out of fibers from wild living silk worms are named tussah-silk. Not only the ones from the tussah worm (Antheraea yamamai).
In contrast to the mulberry silk that has been bred for thousands of years, with its unbeatable shine, the super smooth fibers and soft grip; the heavier tussah silk is characterized by a rougher structure, grainy grip and a flat shine.

In order to harvest mulberry silk, every single cocoon with the pupated caterpillar (Bombyx mori) has to be cooked at the right time in order for the animal to not harm the shell. That is necessary in order to receive the highly demanded endless thread, that can reach up to 1,5 km, with which even the finest silks can be woven. Because of that, the mulberry silk is also called filament silk.
More information about mulberry silk can be found here in the IDEEN.com-journal.

For Indian tussah-silk the partially woven together cocoons of the wild living tussah caterpillar are collected after the hatching of the butterfly. The developed loopholes are parting the already irregular endless fibers into many small pieces, which cannot be unwound anymore but only woven. In addition, the tussah caterpillars embed the silk glue partially into the fiber, so that it cannot be degummed completely. Because of silk glue and yarn density, the shine of this fabric is more discreet, but nevertheless appears very elegant and is ideal for noble clothes; e.g. festive dresses and skirts.

For Chinese tussah-silk are bred; the silk yarn is produced similar to mulberry silk.
 




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